Research trends in the control of hate speech on social media for the 2016–2022 time frame


  • Ana M. Sánchez-Sánchez Universidad Pablo de Olavide
  • David Ruiz-Muñoz Junta de Andalucía, Sevilla, España
  • Francisca J. Sánchez-Sánchez Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, España


Palabras clave:

Hate speech; social media; detection; machine learning; deep learning; natural language processing systems; bibliometric analysis


The growth in the number of social media users has resulted in a corresponding rise in the spread of hate speech on these platforms, leading to a growing, but little studied, problem. The bibliometric study aimed to examine the research trend and identify the most productive authors, the most active institutions, the leading countries and the most employed virtual hate speech control mechanisms by analyzing 576 relevant publications from the Scopus database published between 2016-2022. The findings showed an increase in publication and India as a leading country/region in research on virtual hate speech control mechanisms. Deep learning and natural language processing systems were identified as the most commonly used control mechanisms. Based on the results, it is recommended that future researchers focus on multidisciplinary collaboration and valid mechanisms for different languages. This paper provides a general overview of the current state of research in this field and serves as a guide for authors and institutions in their research and collaboration strategies.


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Biografía del autor/a

Ana M. Sánchez-Sánchez, Universidad Pablo de Olavide

Ana M. Sánchez-Sánchez, profesora adjunta del departamento de Economía, Métodos Cuantitativos e Historia Económica de la Universidad Pablo de Olavide. Doctora en Administración y Dirección de Empresas por la Universidad Pablo de Olavide. Sus líneas de investigación incluyen indicadores de pobreza, economía del turismo, desarrollo sostenible, comportamiento del turista y turismo laboral. Es autora de publicaciones sobre evaluación de impacto de revistas de economía y turismo. Es miembro del grupo de investigación Estudios Estadísticos y Demoscópicos Multidisciplinares.

David Ruiz-Muñoz, Junta de Andalucía, Sevilla, España

David Ruiz-Muñoz, auditor interno de la Junta de Andalucía. Se ha desempeñado como profesor del departamento de Economía, Métodos Cuantitativos e Historia Económica y del departamento de Economía Financiera y Contabilidad de la Universidad Pablo de Olavide. Doctor en Administración y Dirección de Empresas por la Universidad Pablo de Olavide. Es autor de publicaciones sobre evaluación de impacto de revistas de economía y sociología.

Francisca J. Sánchez-Sánchez, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, España

Francisca J. Sánchez-Sánchez, profesora adjunta del departamento de Economía, Métodos Cuantitativos e Historia Económica de la Universidad Pablo de Olavide. Es 0-doctora en Administración y Dirección de Empresas por la Universidad Pablo de Olavide. Sus líneas de investigación se centran en el estudio de modelos, aplicando la metodología del análisis multivariante y DEA. Dentro de sus colaboraciones se incluyen trabajos aplicados, que le han permitido intervenir en trabajos de diversas temáticas. Es autora de publicaciones sobre evaluación de impacto de revistas de economía y turismo.


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Cómo citar

Sánchez-Sánchez, A. M., Ruiz-Muñoz, D., & Sánchez-Sánchez, F. J. (2023). Research trends in the control of hate speech on social media for the 2016–2022 time frame. Cuadernos.Info, (56), 89–116.