Desafíos éticos en el estudio de comunidades digitales: una propuesta basada en un caso empírico

  • Ignacio López Escarcena Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Palabras clave: comunicación digital, ética, comunidades en línea, investigación en Internet

Resumen

Este artículo busca aplicar a un caso empírico algunas de las principales preocupaciones éticas para investigadores con respecto al estudio de comunidades en la comunicación digital. En ese sentido, una consideración esencial se relaciona con las acciones que pueden resguardar a los participantes que comentan públicamente en línea de sufrir daño cuando se utilizan los contenidos generados por los usuarios para estudios académicos. Con esto en mente, se toma como caso empírico un estudio sobre tres plataformas en línea, en las que sus integrantes discuten acerca de cine. Por medio de una metodología que plantea aplicar un disfraz leve a la hora de divulgar los resultados, este artículo busca resaltar la importancia de modificar los nombres de los usuarios, más allá de las características de la plataforma en cuestión. Si bien es necesario considerar que la comunicación digital supone evaluar cada investigación desde un punto de vista ético, alterar los datos de los participantes ayuda a resguardar a quienes compartieron contenido sin tener presente que este material pudiera ser analizado en un estudio académico.

Biografía del autor/a

Ignacio López Escarcena, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Profesor Asistente en el Departamento de Periodismo de la Facultad de Comunicaciones, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Es periodista y magíster en Comunicación Estratégica por la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, magíster en Medios y Comunicación (Investigación) por la London School of Economics and Political Science y doctor en Lenguaje, Discurso y Comunicación por King’s College London, Inglaterra. Sus áreas de interés son la comunicación digital, la ética de las comunicaciones, la sociolingüística y la narración.

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Publicado
2021-01-20
Cómo citar
López Escarcena, I. (2021). Desafíos éticos en el estudio de comunidades digitales: una propuesta basada en un caso empírico. Cuadernos.Info , (49), 239-259. https://doi.org/10.7764/cdi.49.27911