Fotografia, realismo e ética: a manipulação digital no jornalismo e na publicidade
The purpose of this article is to discuss the ethical implications in the fields of advertising and journalism that have arisen from the development of digital image editing. Supported by perception theorists, cognitivists and semioticians we present a brief review of the main ideas about the realism in photographs and then review the main ethical concepts that are the basis for understanding the object of study. Besides, we observe how, in Brazil, organizations related to the fields of advertising and journalism see this practice. Assuming that even if the belief in the natural bond of photographic representation with reality cannot be sustained, we must consider that the common person is not in a permanent state of readiness to question the images found on the pages of newspapers or magazines.